Study the Factors Influencing on the Application of the Correct Methods in the Field of Conserve on the Water from Pollution for Farmers of Hammam Alalil District / Nineveh Governorate / Iraq

Ahmed Awad Talb ALTALB
101 32

Abstract


The aim of the current research is to define factors affecting application of correct methods to keep water unpolluted for farmers of Hammam Al-Aleel district ct / Nineveh governorate Iraq in general, herarchy of research items according to farmers application as well as know the correlation between applying correct methods to keep water clean for Hammam Al-Aleel farmers and independent variable of research. To get research data, a two – parts questionnaire was made. The first included personal and social information of farmers (age, academic achievement, area of land , property type ) variables. Second part of questionnaire included (16) items of applying correct methods to keep water unpolluted. Each item got the following alternatives (apply greatly), moderately, rarely, never apply) with the grades (4 , 3 , 2 , 1) respectively. After writing the draft of questionnaire, it passed a panel of experts in agricultural guidance to verify (surface reliability). The same draft passed experts in water and to affirm (practical side) of items (i. e. content reliability). Data were collected during (June 2020). Research included all (1550) farmers of Hammam Al-Aleel . Out of this community, a simple (7 %) random sample was chosen. Final sample was 105 farmers. Results showed that farmers moderately applied correct methods to keep their water unpolluted. Results also showed that (age, area of land) variables have a moral correlation with degree of applying correct methods to keep water clean whereas (academic achievement, type of land property) variables didn't have moral relation to the application of the correct methods to keep water unpolluted. Farmers performed poorly in these items: (I don't wash animals in river, I don't clean car near rivers, I don't drop oil or it's deriviatives in rivers and irrigation canals).

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References


Altalb, A.A.T. (2021). Study the factors influencing on the application of the correct methods in the field of conserve on the water from pollution for farmers of Hammam Alalil district / Nineveh governorate / Iraq. The Eurasia Proceedings of Health, Environment and Life Sciences (EPHELS), 4, 5-10.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.55549/ephels.24

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